[304], Ali was the subject of the British television program This Is Your Life in 1978 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews. After Ali's title defense against Zora Folley on March 22, he was stripped of his title due to his refusal to be drafted to army service. Referee Tony Perez mistakenly thought he heard the bell ending the round and stepped between the two fighters as Ali was pressing his attack, giving Frazier time to recover. The defeat of Frazier set the stage for a title fight against heavyweight champion George Foreman in Kinshasa, Zaire, on October 30, 1974—a bout nicknamed The Rumble in the Jungle. But I could see that (The Vietnam War) wasn't right". [49] Nevertheless, Ali lost by unanimous decision, his first professional defeat. Judges awarded Ali a unanimous decision. Muhammad Ali, Actor: The Greatest. "[269] Politicians such as Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, Bill Clinton, Donald Trump, David Cameron and more paid tribute to Ali. [102] The Nevada Athletic Commission (NAC) ordered that he undergo a complete physical in Las Vegas before being allowed to fight again. But in 1968, he triumphed", "Muhammad Ali: The man who changed his sport and his country", "Muhammad Ali's Main Bout: African American Economic Power and the World Heavyweight Title", "One of His Biggest Fights Was Outside of the Ring", "Declassified NSA files show agency spied on Muhammad Ali and MLK", "In 1971, Muhammad Ali Helped Undermine the FBI's Illegal Spying on Americans", "Muhammad Ali in a Broadway Musical? He also said "If you're against someone because he's a Muslim that's wrong. [49], Adding to the atmosphere were the considerable pre-fight theatrics and name calling. She wore lipstick; she went into bars; she dressed in clothes that were revealing and didn't look right. That really affected him. In 1984, Ali was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, a disease that sometimes results from head trauma from violent physical activities such as boxing. "[160][161], Writer Jerry Izenberg once noted that, "the Nation became Ali's family and Elijah Muhammad became his father. This was controversial at the time, as within a week 12 of the 70 street signs were stolen. Almost no one associated with the sport, not even Ali's long-time supporter Howard Cosell, gave the former champion a chance of winning. Standing at 6’3″ (1.91 m), Ali had a highly unorthodox style for a heavyweight boxer. She also said celebrities like Michael Jackson and Clint Eastwood would often visit Ali. Un mito intramontabile che è diventato una delle figure più amate e seguite di sempre. Following the Manila bout, Ali fought Jean-Pierre Coopman, Jimmy Young, and Richard Dunn, winning the last by knockout. [17][18] It was the world's most-watched live television broadcast at the time. In 1978, three years before Ali's permanent retirement, the Louisville Board of Aldermen in his hometown of Louisville, Kentucky, voted 6–5 to rename Walnut Street to Muhammad Ali Boulevard. Muhammad nacque alla Mecca nel 570 d. C. (data presunta). Vezi Clay v. United States, 403 U.S. 698 (1971). "[196], Bob Arum did not support Ali's choice at the time. Finito il matrimonio con Roj, Muhammad Ali ha sposato Belinda Boyd. He paid a bond and remained free while the verdict was being appealed. He was named after his father, Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr., who had a sister and four brothers[28][29] and who himself was named in honor of the 19th-century Republican politician and staunch abolitionist Cassius Marcellus Clay, also from the state of Kentucky. "[269], The day after Ali's death, the UFC paid tribute to Ali at their UFC 199 event in a lengthy video tribute package, crediting Ali for his accomplishments and inspiring multiple UFC champions. The number two and three heavyweight contenders respectively, Clay and Jones fought on Jones' home turf at New York's Madison Square Garden. [316][317] Dave Zirin who watched an 8 hour rough cut of this documentary called it "utterly outstanding" and said "the footage they found will blow minds". "[232] In 1978, following his loss to Spinks and before winning the rematch, Ali visited Bangladesh and received honorary citizenship there. [287], Ali Mall, located in Araneta Center, Quezon City, Philippines, is named after him. For the last four years of Clay's amateur career he was trained by boxing cutman Chuck Bodak.[46]. "[200], In 1971, his Fight of the Century with Frazier provided cover for an activist group, the Citizens' Commission to Investigate the FBI, to pull off a burglary at an FBI office in Pennsylvania as the anticipation for the fight was unlike anything else so they believed the security would also be focused on the fight, this exposed the COINTELPRO operations that included illegal spying on activists involved with the civil rights and anti-war movements. In the U.S. version Ali lost in a simulated 13th-round knockout, but in the European version Marciano lost due to cuts, also simulated. Soon after the Liston fight, Clay changed his name to Cassius X, and then later to Muhammad Ali upon converting to Islam and affiliating with the Nation of Islam. However a few seconds later Walcott, having been informed by the timekeepers that Liston had been down for a count of 10, stopped the match and declared Ali the winner by knockout. [50][51], These early fights were not without trials. [21][22], Într-o perioadă în care majoritatea luptătorilor își lăsau managerii să vorbească în public, Ali, inspirat de wrestlerul „Gorgeous” George Wagner, capta întreaga atenție, fiind uneori provocator și adesea ironic și distractiv. 2004: Andre Ward | If you're against someone because he's a Christian or a Jew, that's wrong". [121], Kiiursti Mensah-Ali says she is Ali's biological daughter with Barbara Mensah, with whom he allegedly had a 20-year relationship,[122][123][124][125] citing photographs and a paternity test conducted in 1988. Un documentar recent, din 2013, „Procesele lui Muhammad Ali”, redă anii zbuciumați ai lui Ali care au urmat refuzul său de a se înrola în armata Statelor Unite, aflată în plin război cu Vietnamul. 1956: James Boyd | [261] On December 20, 2014, Ali was hospitalized for a mild case of pneumonia. Hana wrote about her father, "His love for people was extraordinary. "[235][236] The Nigerian government also rebuffed him and confirmed that they would be participating in the Moscow games. These statements of confidence unsettled his taller opponent, whom Los Angeles Lakers owner Jack Kent Cooke had offered a record-setting contract, conditional on Chamberlain agreeing to abandon what Cooke termed "this boxing foolishness",[80] and he did exactly that. [49] Ali received a replacement medal at a basketball intermission during the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, where he lit the torch to start the games. His retirement was short-lived, however; Ali announced his comeback to face Larry Holmes for the WBC belt in an attempt to win the heavyweight championship an unprecedented fourth time. Because of Ali's apparent intent to prolong the fight to inflict maximum punishment, critics described the bout as "one of the ugliest boxing fights." Stratton states that Ali arranged the second fight, in 1972, with the financially struggling Patterson to help the former champion earn enough money to pay a debt to the IRS. "[183] Ali antagonized the white establishment in 1966 by refusing to be drafted into the U.S. military, citing his religious beliefs and opposition to American involvement in the Vietnam War. [66], It has since been speculated that Liston purposely dropped to the ground. Campioni olimpici la box , categoria semigrea, https://dgvn.berlin/2017/03/01/verleihung-der-otto-hahn-friedensmedaille/, https://www.loc.gov/about/awards-and-honors/living-legends/muhammad-ali/, http://www.nbcnews.com/news/sports/muhammad-ali-greatest-all-time-dead-74-n584776, https://www.lemonde.fr/sports-de-combat/article/2016/06/04/la-legende-de-la-boxe-mohamed-ali-toujours-hospitalise_4934676_1616664.html, http://www.usatoday.com/story/sports/2016/06/04/muhammad-ali-dies-obituary/85357592/, „Muhammad Ali, "The Greatest" of all time, dead at 74”, „In Ali's Voice From the Past, a Stand for the Ages”, „Muhammad Ali - Pre Liston Poetry & Highlights”, „Muhammad Ali Famous Interview After Defeating Foreman”, „Muhammad Ali vs Floyd Patterson Pre-fight hype and interview”, http://voxsport.ro/stiri/detalii/Recenzie-de-film-Procesele-lui-Muhammad-Ali, Barrow Neurological Institute: Muhammad Ali Parkinson Center, Life Magazine: Cassius Clay: Before He Was Ali. [88], Ali's next opponents included Chuck Wepner, Ron Lyle, and Joe Bugner. In truth, Cassius Clay's attachment to slavery went farther than Ali knew. Ali was known to attract a lot of women, Howard Binghamsaid "All Ali had to do was look at a woman and she’d melt". Coretta Scott King added that Ali was "a champion of justice and peace and unity. At the end of the first round, Clay opened up his attack and hit Liston repeatedly with jabs. In late 1966, he also pledged to donate a total of $100,000 to the UNCF (specifically promising to donate much of the proceeds of his title defense against Cleveland Williams), and paid $4,500 per closed circuit installation at six HBCUs so they could watch his fights. Il figlio più giovane di Muhammad Ali è stato in grado di vedere un lato del campione che includeva tutto, dai trucchi magici con gli estranei a un vecchio Ali, mostrando i riflessi che lo rendevano una leggenda del pugilato. Muhammad Ali was born in Kavala, in Macedonia, Rumeli Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire, today a city in Greece.He was the second son of an Albanian tobacco and shipping merchant named Ibrahim Agha, who also served as an Ottoman commander of a small unit in Kavala. To replace Moore, Clay hired Angelo Dundee to be his trainer. The Trials of Muhammad Ali, a documentary directed by Bill Siegel that focuses on Ali's refusal of the draft during the Vietnam War, opened in Manhattan on August 23, 2013. Ali said in his 1975 autobiography that shortly after his return from the Rome Olympics, he threw his gold medal into the Ohio River after he and a friend were refused service at a "whites-only" restaurant and fought with a white gang. [44] Initially, Clay did not take up Martin's offer, but after seeing amateur boxers on a local television boxing program called Tomorrow's Champions, Clay was interested in the prospect of fighting. Ali werd door het sportblad Sports Illustrated uitgeroepen tot Sportman van de Eeuw. Documentary filmmaker Ken Burns is working on a four-part documentary film, spanning over eight hours on Ali's entire life which has been in the works since early 2016 and is scheduled to release in the fall of 2021 on PBS. t.co/KnizgnK07H", William Addams Reitwiesner Genealogical Services: Ancestry of Muhammad Ali, "Muhammad Ali's Life in Photos; From his time in the ring to his more playful side", The Rumble in the Jungle (Foreman vs. Ali), I Am the Greatest: The Adventures of Muhammad Ali, Ferdie Pacheco (personal physician, cornerman), Olympic boxing champions – men's light heavyweight, BBC Sports Personality World Sport Star of the Year, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Muhammad_Ali&oldid=999567169, Activists for African-American civil rights, Central High School (Louisville, Kentucky) alumni, Converts to Sunni Islam from Protestantism, International Boxing Hall of Fame inductees, Olympic gold medalists for the United States in boxing, Overturned convictions in the United States, Sportspeople from Camden County, New Jersey, Sportspeople from the Phoenix metropolitan area, Winners of the United States Championship for amateur boxers, BBC Sports Personality World Sport Star of the Year winners, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages which use embedded infobox templates with the title parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2016, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 21:10. [251] The same year, he was awarded the Philadelphia Liberty Medal in recognition of his lifelong efforts in activism, philanthropy and humanitarianism.[242][226]. Let 'Ali vs. Inoki' author Josh Gross explain", "Click Debate: What's all this talk about the Ali Act coming to MMA? He was convicted of draft evasion on June 20 and sentenced to five years in prison and a $10,000 fine. ", "Jhoon Rhee, Father of American Tae Kwon Do", "Muhammad Ali Boxing a Monsoon – Boxing Hall of Fame", "The Joke That Almost Ended Ali's Career", "Muhammad Ali's Forgotten Fight Was Also One of His Most Influential", "Collision in Korea: Pyongyang's historic socialism and spandex spectacular", Read Peter Finney's column on Ali vs. Spinks 2 at the Superdome in 1978, The Last Flight of the Butterfly: Remembering Ali vs Spinks II, "Timeline: Fifty years of Las Vegas memories for Muhammad Ali", "Boxing King Casts His Shadow, Even at Time of Defeat", "skip to 6:01 in the audio clip, "Sonji didn't want to become a muslim" "She didn't want to do all that stuff", "audio evidence of Rahman saying this at 6:01 in the audio clip on the website i linked", "Muhammad Ali's Daughter, May May Ali, Writes Children's Book About His Boxing Career", "Former three-time heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali agreed Tuesday ...", "Muhammad Ali's ex-wife reveals details about their secret wedding", "Muhammad Ali's Ex-Wives Forgave His Infidelity", "Could Muhammad Ali's $80m fortune become subject of bitter legal battle? He’d buy them clothes, take them to hotels and pay the bills for months in advance." [157], Aligning himself with the Nation of Islam, its leader Elijah Muhammad, and a narrative that labeled the white race as the perpetrator of genocide against African Americans made Ali a target of public condemnation. [312] His star is the only one to be mounted on a vertical surface, out of deference to his request that the name Muhammad—a name he shares with the Islamic prophet—not be walked upon.[313][314]. [257], Ali's bout with Parkinson's led to a gradual decline in his health, though he was still active into the early years of the millennium, promoting his own biopic, Ali, in 2001. Later that same day, the New York State Athletic Commission suspended his boxing license and stripped him of his title. [45] He then began to work with trainer Fred Stoner, whom he credits with giving him the "real training", eventually molding "my style, my stamina and my system." "[49], In Hauser's biography Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times, Ali says that although he's not a Christian as he thinks the idea of God having a son sounds wrong and doesn't make sense to him as he believes "God don't beget; man begets" he still believes that even good Christians or good Jews can receive God's blessing and enter heaven as he believes "God created all people, no matter what their religion". For other uses, see. "[112] Ali's brother Rahman said that she was Ali's only true love and the Nation of Islam made Ali divorce her and Ali never got over it. "[84], It was a major upset victory,[85] after Ali came in as a 4–1 underdog against the previously unbeaten, heavy-hitting Foreman. Their opinion was accepted by the NAC on July 31, 1980, paving the way for Ali's return to the ring. [189] The decision was not based on, nor did it address, the merits of Ali's claims per se; rather, the Court held that since the appeal board gave no reason for the denial of a conscientious objector exemption to Ali, and that it was therefore impossible to determine which of the three basic tests for conscientious objector status offered in the Justice Department's brief that the appeal board relied on, Ali's conviction must be reversed. La coppia non ebbe figli. "[49], In February 1978, Ali faced Leon Spinks at the Hilton Hotel in Las Vegas. Muhammad Ali's fights were some of the world's most-watched television broadcasts, setting television viewership records. [56] Around this time, Clay sought longtime idol Sugar Ray Robinson to be his manager, but was rebuffed.[57]. [citation needed] In 2015, Harris Poll found that Ali was one of the three most recognizable athletes in the United States, along with Michael Jordan and Babe Ruth. In 1976, inventor Alan Amron and businessman Joel Sacher partnered with Ali to promote The International Committee to Reunite the Beatles. Der nur von wenigen Zuschauern gesehene Phantom Punch gab im Verbund mit Listons scheinbarer Unbesiegbarkeit und dessen dubiosen Kontakten zur Mafia Anlass zu Spekulationen über einen möglichen Be… Antoine Fuqua's documentary What's My Name: Muhammad Ali was released in 2019. În anul 1974 a fost ales Sportivul anului din SUA, iar în 1999, Ali a fost desemnat „Sportivul secolului” de revista americană Sports Illustrated. In the 11th round, Frazier connected with a left hook that wobbled Ali, but because it appeared that Ali might be clowning as he staggered backwards across the ring, Frazier hesitated to press his advantage, fearing an Ali counter-attack. 1996: Wassili Schirow | Ali denied the accusations of cruelty but, for Ali's critics, the fight provided more evidence of his arrogance. [60][61], Despite Liston's attempts to knock out a blinded Clay, Clay was able to survive the fifth round until sweat and tears rinsed the irritation from his eyes. On August 11, 1970, with his case still in appeal, Ali was granted a license to box by the City of Atlanta Athletic Commission. [198], In a secret operation code-named "Minaret", the National Security Agency (NSA) intercepted the communications of leading Americans, including Ali, Senators Frank Church and Howard Baker, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., prominent U.S. journalists, and others who criticized the U.S. war in Vietnam. They are racist fanatics who call themselves Muslims." The press attributed his decline in wealth to several factors, including taxes consuming at least half of his income, management taking a third of his income,[253] his lifestyle, and spending on family, charity and religious causes. An officer warned him that he was committing a felony punishable by five years in prison and a fine of $10,000. [92], On June 26, 1976, Ali participated in an exhibition bout in Tokyo against Japanese professional wrestler and martial artist Antonio Inoki. [67], Ali defended his title against former heavyweight champion Floyd Patterson on November 22, 1965. Ali was introduced to cocktail waitress Sonji Roi by Herbert Muhammad and immediately fell in love with her and asked her to marry him when he first laid eyes on her. I done wrestled with an alligator, I done tussled with a whale; handcuffed lightning, thrown thunder in jail; only last week, I murdered a rock, injured a stone, hospitalized a brick; I'm so mean I make medicine sick. Ali was an influential figure in the world of hip hop music. The bout was broadcast to 35 foreign countries; promoters granted 760 press passes. However, after he won the championship from Liston in 1964, the Nation of Islam was more receptive and agreed to publicize his membership. I shook up the world. Auch außerhalb des Boxrings sorgte Ali für Schlagzeilen. As a "rhyming trickster", he was noted for his "funky delivery", "boasts", "comical trash-talk", and "endless quotables. Ali is the only boxer to be named The Ring magazine Fighter of the Year six times. [69], Ali and then-WBA heavyweight champion boxer Ernie Terrell had agreed to meet for a bout in Chicago on March 29, 1966 (the WBA, one of two boxing associations, had stripped Ali of his title following his joining the Nation of Islam). [132][133] Ali biographer and friend Thomas Hauser has said this claim was of "questionable veracity". Încă de la începutul carierei profesioniste el își spunea ca fiind The Greatest și ca printr-un miracol, chiar s-a adeverit.[19]. Clay's father's paternal grandparents were John Clay and Sallie Anne Clay; Clay's sister Eva claimed that Sallie was a native of Madagascar. "[205], In 1963, Ali released an album of spoken word music on Columbia Records titled, I Am the Greatest, and in 1964, he recorded a cover version of the rhythm and blues song "Stand by Me". Although Cassius Sr. was a Methodist, he allowed Odessa to bring up both Cassius Jr. and his younger brother, Rudolph "Rudy" Clay (later renamed Rahman Ali), as Baptists. Ali won the fight by another unanimous decision, but the bout caused his longtime doctor Ferdie Pacheco to quit after he was rebuffed for telling Ali he should retire. Solicitor General at the time of Ali's conviction). It was a bout that would inspire Sylvester Stallone to create the acclaimed film, Rocky.[89]. The film Freedom Road, made in 1978, features Ali in a rare acting role as Gideon Jackson, a former slave and Union (American Civil War) soldier in 1870s Virginia, who gets elected to the U.S. Senate and battles other former slaves and white sharecroppers to keep the land they have tended all their lives. I'm not trying to dodge the draft. Together they adopted a son, Asaad Amin, when Asaad was five months old. [232] The same year, he visited Sudan to raise awareness about the plight of famine victims. [118], By the summer of 1977, his second marriage was over due to Ali's repeated infidelity and he had married actress and model Veronica Porché. [294], On January 13, 2017, seven months or so after Ali's death, and 4 days before what would have been his 75th birthday, the Muhammad Ali Commemorative Coin Act was introduced into the 115th Congress (2017–2019), as H.R. He called Jones "an ugly little man" and Cooper a "bum". [116] In January 1985, Aaisha sued Ali for unpaid palimony. [48] Clay's amateur record was 100 wins with five losses. [245][246][247] Ali published an oral history, Muhammad Ali: His Life and Times by Thomas Hauser, in 1991. In the lead-up to the fight Frazier called Ali, "Clay", this angered Ali so he portrayed Frazier as a "dumb tool of the white establishment." Giachetti called the fight "awful ... the worst sports event I ever had to cover." I wrote to Angelo Dundee, Ali's trainer, his wife and Ali himself. "[197], Ali's resistance to the draft was covered in the 2013 documentary The Trials of Muhammad Ali. [218], On November 17, 2002, Ali went to Afghanistan as the "U.N. Messenger of Peace. In March 1966, Ali refused to be inducted into the armed forces. [309] The 2001 biopic Ali garnered a Best Actor Oscar nomination for Will Smith for his portrayal of Ali. [113], On August 17, 1967, Ali married Belinda Boyd. Clay's pulse rate was measured at 120, more than double his normal 54. [145][146] After Ali met a lesbian couple who were fans of his in 1997, he smiled and said to his friend Hauser, “They look like they’re happy together”. Ali was criticized in the sports media for appearing to have toyed with Patterson during the fight. He knew he was going to jail and did it anyway. I'm the prettiest thing that ever lived. "[159] In relation to integration, he said: "We who follow the teachings of Elijah Muhammad don't want to be forced to integrate. Muhammad Ali (1942-2016), nome adotado por Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr., nasceu na cidade de Louisville, Kentucky, Estados Unidos, no dia 17 de janeiro de 1942. In assessing the fight, analysts pointed out that Joe Frazier and Ken Norton, who had given Ali four tough battles and won two of them, had both been devastated by Foreman in second-round knockouts. refused to be inducted into the armed forces, a white man and emancipationist who released slaves, Citizens' Commission to Investigate the FBI, Muhammad Ali in media and popular culture, The Adventures of Ali and His Gang vs. Mr. Tooth Decay, Boxing career of Muhammad Ali § Television viewership, Boxing career of Muhammad Ali: Television viewership, Atlanta 1996 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, Michael Parkinson's Greatest Entertainers, historically black colleges and universities, 100 Most Important People of the 20th Century, Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature, List of people from the Louisville metropolitan area, 1981 MAPS Wells Fargo embezzlement scandal, "Muhammad Ali: The greatest monument to the great one", "Why Muhammad Ali never legally changed name from Cassius Clay", "In Ali's Voice From the Past, a Stand for the Ages", "The religion and politics of Muhammad Ali", "BoxRec's Annual Ratings: Heavyweight Annuals", "Revisiting 'The Rumble in the Jungle' 40 years later", "Mike Tyson May Fight George Foreman In Biggest Money Match: $80 Million", "Muhammad Ali – Pre Liston Poetry & Highlights", "Muhammad Ali Famous Interview After Defeating Foreman", "Muhammad Ali: World's Greatest Boxer Was Also Hip-Hop Pioneer", "Muhammad Ali: 4 Ways He Changed America", "Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr., Former Champion's Father, 77", "Muhammad Ali: Boxer's ancestral Irish town pays tribute after death", "DNA evidence links Muhammad Ali to heroic slave, family says", "DNA findings link Muhammad Ali to heroic slave", "How Muhammad Ali Became a Boxer – Daily Intelligencer", "Fight by fight: Muhammad Ali's legendary career", "How Muhammad Ali's fascination with pro wrestling fueled his career, inspired MMA", "Clay Wins Title in Seventh-Round Upset As Liston Is Halted by Shoulder Injury", "Cassius Clay vs. Sonny Liston - 1964 Boxen", "Clay Undergoes Surgery; Fight Is Off Indefinitely", "Muhammad Ali vs Sonny Liston I & II – Highlights (Ali Becomes World Champion & Phantom Punch Fight! Ali fought Terrell in Houston on February 6, 1967. He was one of only three boxers to be named "Sportsman of the Year" by Sports Illustrated. [229] Early in his career, one of his main focuses was youth education. Din această cauză nu a mai luptat timp de aproape patru ani, de la 23 la 27 de ani pierzând perioada de maximă performanță din cariera unui sportiv. Just before the divorce was finalized, Ali sent Sonji a note: "You traded heaven for hell, baby. [151], Only a few journalists, most notably Howard Cosell, accepted the new name at that time. Ali first appeared on the magazine's cover in 1963 and went on to be featured on numerous covers during his storied career. [212] Other rappers narrated the documentary as well, including Doug E Fresh, Ludacris and Rakim who all spoke on Ali's behalf in the film. Liston stated that the reason he quit was an injured shoulder. [296][297][298] Several of his fights were watched by an estimated 1–2 billion viewers between 1974 and 1980, and his lighting of the torch at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics was watched by an estimated 3.5 billion viewers. A public memorial service for Ali at downtown Louisville's KFC Yum! "[195], In speaking of the cost on Ali's career of his refusal to be drafted, his trainer Angelo Dundee said, "One thing must be taken into account when talking about Ali: He was robbed of his best years, his prime years. Muhammad Ali era il più grande e sapeva di esserlo. [27] After a Court of Appeals upheld the conviction, the case was reviewed by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1971. [218], Ali appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated on 38 different occasions,[299] second only to Michael Jordan's 46. During the lead up to the bout, Terrell repeatedly called Ali "Clay", much to Ali's annoyance. [28][29] Conform scriitorului Joyce Carol Oates, el a fost unul din puținii sportivi care „definesc termenul de reputație publică”.