Robert grew up as an unhealthy child which made his schooling difficult. These are undoubtedly good examples of what was characteristic of the age. The Victorian Period revolves around the political career of Queen Victoria.She was crowned in 1837 and died in 1901 (which put a definite end to her political career). In common with many artists, writers and musicians of the era Stevenson’s behaviour and interests were thought to be dangerously Bohemian, and in his case led to a scandalous outcome: he fell in love with Fanny Van De Grift Osbourne. In the years 1881 and 1882, Stevenson spent most of his time publishing essays in Switzerland. Fanny rendered four terrible sins for the young Scot, any one of which would have secured his social damnation: she was American, married, had borne two children, and was 10 years his senior. He met the American novelist ‘Henry James’ and had him revise ‘A Child’s Garden of Verses’. The Victorian Age is also known for the intense production of novels, however, in this case, Stevenson seemed to follow the other way around and surprise his public with a Gothic novella instead. Moral views of people living around this time have changed imensely to the present. The characters used in the novella are an example of what Stevenson thought of London in Victorian times. He was widely read, and respected for the eloquence of his writing by many fellow writers: he corresponded with J.M. Overview: Victorian Britain, 1837 - 1901. He died of the cerebral haemorrhage, that he developed at the later stage. The start of the ‘Treasure Island’ happened as a game with his stepson. The Victorian Age was an age of contrasts and social imbalance (progress and reforms vs poverty and social injustice). The best result we found for your search is Dric L Stevenson age 60s in Victoria, TX. But the gothic literature, from Dickens’ Bleak House to Oscar Wilde’s tale of excess and greed, The Portrait of Dorian Gray, explored the tension at the heart of Empire, of the conflict between the beast and the man within. Other posts of interest in These Fantastic Worlds include: Articles on science, myth, art, movies, fiction and everything dark, SF and fantastic, from Philip K. Dick to William Blake, Celtic myth, Movie Top 10s to concepts of time and space. He was called to the bar in 1875, although never practised. Available here. His parents were Thomas Stevenson and Margaret Isabella Stevenson. The Victorian Age Robert Louis Stevenson Raffaele Nardella http://www.britannica.com/blogs/wp-content/uploads/2007/12/image-1.jpeg • Queen Victoria was loved especially by the middle classes for her way of life and moral code. He died at the same house. The Victorian Era represents both spectrum of extremes: one side a sense of hope and optimism and the other a sense of fear and doom. However his mind was saturated by the works of Shakespeare, Sir Walter Scott, John Bunyan, The Arabian Nights and the elaborate, moralising fairy tales of Grimm and Hans Christian Andersen. Stevenson uses Mr. Hyde to show that Victorian people and society are imperfect and have dualities that Victorian values deny, ultimately leading to the destruction of the repressed person or society. Towards the end, along with his family, he spent most of his time in the Southern Seas. Mainstream Victorian culture saw art and literature as a means of self ... Carpenter was a socialist poet and a gay activist. Lovecraft: From Weird to Modern Gothic, Clark Ashton Smith: Master of Gothic, Pulp and SF classics, Guitar Chords: Easy-to-Use, Easy-to-Carry, One Chord on Every Page, Piano & Keyboard Chords: Easy-to-Use, Easy-to-Carry, One Chord on Every Page, Beginner's Guide to Reading Music: Easy to Use, Easy to Learn; A Simple Introduction for All Ages. Lovecraft, unaware – as is often the case – that he was writing in an emerging tradition. On the day of his death, he was working on ‘The Beach of Falesá’ which remained unfinished. THE VICTORIAN AGE The Victorian age took its name from Queen Victoria. Green & co. was the publisher name. Famous magazines such as ‘The Portfolio’ and ‘Macmillan’s Magazine’ featured his essays – ‘Roads’ and ‘Ordered South’ in 1873 and 1874, respectively. People had no normal houses and no water . A doctor by day, he was someone who could be understood by all of his readers, someone they, and we still, could all meet. The plot of the story revolves around Dr. Jekyll’s mysterious medical potion that separates the two identities of human being through creating his evil double, Mr. Hyde. Dr.Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a renowned work of Robert Louis Stevenson from the Victorian era. § 23. Here, he worked on his collection of essays that he wrote for the Cornhill magazine. The Stevenson’s were prosperous and Robert was their only child. Robert Louis Stevenson died on the 3rd of December 1894 at the young age of 44. His parents highly opposed the idea of him involving in a relationship with a married woman because of which she moved to California in 1878. Often regarded as a children’s writer, this highlights a significant misunderstanding of the literature of the Victorian period. Stevenson reveals the beast within, insinuating the fear of the civilized man, that the inner neanderthal might rise and overcome this new found sophistication, and drag down the advancement of science and nationhood. The book was a big hit from the moment of its appearance in January 1887. At the age of twenty-five, Stevenson passed the bar, but he knew he was not a lawyer at heart and never practiced. The Strange Case of Jekyll and Hyde is an altogether darker story than most of his other novels, but an adventure springing from everyday life, it dwells on many of the same themes. While the striving middle classes read great literature to their children, education had begun to snake its way through the working classes; the British Empire, with the Scots at its core, paraded itself as a moral and educating force to the world, exporting great industrial achievements in the form of the railway, the telegraph, and the mighty civil engineering projects – the ships, aqueducts and bridges. Stevenson has been much criticised for his taste for the fantastic. The growth of cities, a ready domestic market and … During the Victorian era, Britain could claim to be the world's superpower, despite social inequality at home and burgeoning industrial rivals overseas. Indeed the writers who could share his inclinations were relatively unknown to him: Arthur Machen, Algernon Blackwood, H.P. The flourishing England ruled by Queen Victoria was the main setting for this significant slice of human history. Characteristics of Victorian Literature. During this period, the novel made rapid progress. Another origin of the name is as a toponymic surname related to the place Stevenstone in Devon, England. He kept falling ill, however, he had great willpower. Stevenson admired the economy of Henry James and Guy de Maupassant, reveled in the forboding gloom of Edgar Allan Poe, and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s critique of religion and the dark moments of the soul. The Victorian Period revolves around the political career of Queen Victoria.She was crowned in 1837 and died in 1901 (which put a definite end to her political career). It’s worth remembering that Edinburgh, the city of Stevenson’s birth, exemplified these twin forces: the ambitious, striving energies of empire, underneath which lurked the secret city of despair and criminality, with its dark corridors and passages, hidden worlds beneath the bridges, the undulating streets with rooms carved into arches that reeked of poverty and disease. In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. ‘The Fortnightly’, another influential 19th-century magazine published his review of ‘Fables in Song’ by Lord Lytton. - The early Victorian novel whose main representative was Charles Dickens dealt with social themes and expressed the ideals of the age. These essays had an encouraging tone and were liked by all readers. This drew him more attention and he was known to be more of a writer and less of an engineer. Introduction. The living conditions in the slums were very sad. He was in California without any money and ill. Robert Louis Stevenson wrote Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde in 1886 and the novella explores the dual nature of man, heavily reflecting the Victorian fascination in science, medicine and criminology. Robert followed her after a year, which made his family even more furious. Looking at social class through a Robert Louis Stevenson's novel published in the Victorian era, The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde shows how social class has build an strong idea in the way characters act and think. Moral views of people living around this time have changed imensely to the present. Victorian society was based on a set of moral values that could only be fulfilled by the middle and upper classes: hard work, respectability, good manners and education, patriarchal family, female chastity, repression of sexuality. Although the novel had been in development since the 18th century with the works of Daniel Defoe, Henry Fielding, Laurence Sterne, Samuel Richardson and the others, it was in this period that the novel got mass acceptance and readership. He died of the cerebral haemorrhage, that he developed at the later stage. The reign of Queen Victoria. Stevenson lived and wrote during the Victorian era, when Queen Victoria ruled England. A great deal of change took place during this period--brought about because of the Industrial Revolution; so it's not surprising that the literature of the period is often concerned with social reform. R. L. Stevenson. VICTORIAN VALUES The Victorians were great moralisers. 7 – 19 October 1880: RLS, his wife and Lloyd stayed in the Grosvenor Hotel, Victoria Station (RLS also visited the Savile Club), before travelling on to Davos (via Paris and Troyes) for their first winter there. Eventually, he married her in early 1880’s in San Francisco, United States. For today’s reader his reputation as a writer of adventure fiction is well established but as a poet, essayist, travel writer and masterful short story writer his range was great and varied. During this time, the Londonians witnessed how the quiet streets became crowded … Longmans. He is best known for his ‘Treasure Island’ in 1881. The Victorian era seems to be a time of many contradictions and secrets from the rest of society. Robert Louis Stevenson was travelling most of his time. At the age of 17, he entered Edinburgh University and was expected to study engineering like his father. III. In the towns was work for everyone because the Industrial Revolution had started. His works are remembered and still read because of his wonderful portrayal of the sensations of childhood. Initially he consented to the study of engineering at the University of Edinbugh from 1867, but soon found the pull of literature to be too seductive. He frequently passed his summer vacations in France with his friends, who were mainly bohemians and artists. He was christened Robert Lewis Balfour Stevenson. Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde (1886) is a late-Victorian variation on ideas first raised in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1818). This showed how he was a man of progressive thinking. Cover of Scribner’s original 1886 edition. Victorian literature is literature written in England during the reign of Queen Victoria, or roughly from 1837 -1901. His grandfather was Professor of Moral Philosophy at Edinburgh University, his father a civil engineer of over 40 prestigious lighthouses, so there were great expectations for the young Stevenson. Born to respectable parents at the height of the British Empire, Stevenson’s ill health led him to spend much of his time reading, or being read to, frequently unable to join his peers at school. Stevenson is an English language patronymic surname meaning "son of Steven". Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. In 1876, Stevenson fell in love with Fanny Osbourne, an American lady who was a widow that had a son. Mary Shelley’s masterpiece Frankenstein had raised questions about superficiality, the role of humankind in creating the world around it, of responsibility and desire, but in Stevenson’s Jekyll was an everyday protagonist. The plot of the story revolves around Dr. Jekyll’s mysterious medical potion that separates the two identities of human being through creating his evil double, Mr. Hyde. Illustration by Charles Raymond Macauley for the 1904 edition of The strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Theme and Technique . If Thackeray is our youth, Stevenson is our boyhood: and though this is not the most artistic thing in him, it is the most important thing in the history of Victorian art. Even though he suffered from long-term tuberculosis, it wasn’t the cause of his death. He was rebellious to his parents’ religion and refused to accept church doctrines blindly. It was an age of great contrasts because, on one hand it was a time of progress and social reforms, on the other hand a time of social injustices, poverty and hypocrisy. He was appreciated by many critics, Graham Balfour being one of them. His theme of writing was fiction and travel. Stevenson’s single-minded dislike of authoritarianism provided the background to much of his writing. Because the Victorian Era covers so many years, 1830 - 1900, it is usually broken down into the early Victorian, mid-Victorian, and late Victorian, each of which displays its own characteristics. As he grew into adulthood Stevenson’s conflicts with his parents – his father in particular, and all he stood for – intensified. Robert Louis Stevenson was born on the 13th of November, 1850 in Edinburgh, Scotland. At the time of his death, he developed cerebral haemorrhage. ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON: VICTORIAN HYPOCRISY AND THE DOUBLE IN LITERATURE THE STRANGE CASE OF DR JEKYLL AND MR HYDE The bohémien embodied his protest against the monotony and vulgarity of bourgeois life, leading an unconventional existence pursuing sensation and excess, and 1894) was born in Scotland and died in Samoa at the end of a life of travels, during which he produced novels, short stories, literary essays, poetry, drama, and travel writing. The novels have a stress on realism and an attempt to describe the daily struggles of ordinary men that the middle class reader could associate with Victorian Era is seen as the link between Romanticism of the 18th century and the realism of the 20th century. Stevenson’s place is secure in the Gothic Tradition but his impact was wider, both during his life and after. There was a return of nature in English Prose of this age. The collection was called ‘Virginibus Puerisque’ and was published in 1881. Even Kidnapped uncoils alternative, dark futures for us, if we fall unexpectedly from our comfortable lives, into a grim world that runs in parallel to our own. In The Age of Improvement, 1783–1867 (1959)—the title itself arguing a pronounced feature of the Victorian period—Asa Briggs identifies four main elements of Victorianism: “the gospel of work, ‘seriousness’ of character, respectability and self-help” (p. 450). Andrew Noble, Robert Louis Stevenson (1983) Robert Kielty, Robert Louis Stevenson and the Fiction of Adventure (1965) Stevenson and Victorian Scotland , ed. They are perceptive and informative. Stevenson’s realistic fictional novella became a masterpiece due to its great influence on the way people think and act in the Victorian age. Below is the detailed biography of Robert Louis Stevenson, a Scottish poet and essayist. Victorian Era Jekyll and Hyde. Victorian era, the period between about 1820 and 1914, corresponding roughly to the period of Queen Victoria’s reign (1837–1901) and characterized by a class-based society, a growing number of people able to vote, a growing state and economy, and Britain’s status as the most powerful empire in the world. Based on a story about the double life of Deacon William Brodie – cabinet maker by day, but dissolute and thief by night – it scrutinizes puritanism, secrecy and hypocrisy, hinting at dark affronts to the public consciousness of proud Victorians, suggesting murder and egregious sexual acts, which some modern critics imbue with undercurrents of homosexuality; Oscar Wilde’s fate only a few years after Stevenson’s death show the perils of this latter imputation in the Victorian age. The Victorian era was the age of progress, stability and great social reforms but in the same time was characterised by poverty, injustice and social unrest (tensioni sociali).. VICTORIAN VALUES. His time in England is also considered very fruitful. Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson (1850–94) was born in a dank and cold Edinburgh, but travelled greatly in search of less brutal weather, finally to pass away in the temperate climes of Samoa. In 1882, while living in Davos, Switzerland, he was diagnosed with lung haemorrhages when he was working on short stories – Thrawn Janet and The Merry Men. Patrick Brantlinger notes this, proposing the novel is, in fact, “an unconscious allegory about the commercialization of literature” (198). In the towns, people lived in slums. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde considered gothic novel set in the Victorian Era by Robert Louis Stevenson, who can be seen as ‘the last Victorian or the first Modernist’ author.Fusing an exploitive classism of Victorian age and the growing futile atmosphere of Modernism, Stevenson captures and exposes the lies of an oppressive and repressive society. Stevenson was born at 8 Howard Place, Edinburgh, Scotland, on 13 November 1850 to Thomas Stevenson (1818–1887), a leading lighthouse engineer, and his wife Margaret Isabella (born Balfour, 1829–1897). In 1884, he, along with his family moved back to Britain because of the epidemic that broke out in the South of France. Letteratura inglese — I romanzi dell'età vittoriana e le opere di Charles Dickens . Longmans. During this time, he started ‘The Black Arrow: A Tale of the Two Roses’ which was published in 1888. His grandfather was Professor of Moral Philosophy at Edinburgh University, his father a civil engineer of over 40 prestigious lighthouses, so there were great expectations for the young Stevenson. As with many late Victorian writers, from Arthur Machen to Oscar Wilde, the mood of hedonism and liberalism – the mode of the literate avant garde – had become attractive to those exposed to the diverse ideas of others. In 1885, after finishing Treasure Island, he started ‘Prince Otto’. The characters used in the novella are an example of what Stevenson thought of London in Victorian times. They often borrowed books from “circulating libraries”. But it was also the era of Jack the Ripper, of Bram Stoker’s Dracula, springing from the unearthly flesh of Frankenstein, the era of accelerated scientific progress, as the trading prowess of the Victorian Era brought new ideas from around the world, in art, religion, science and philosophy, so that the question of an individual’s place in the headlong charge of advancement lay suppressed, and unexamined. The sail began from San Francisco and went on and on for about a year up to Samoa, an island in the South Pacific. Stevenson’s monster, however, is not artificially created from stitched-together body parts, but rather emerges fully formed from the dark side of the human personality. 1850–d. Stevenson soon rebelled against this plan and reached a compromise with his father by pursuing legal studies.